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August 2020 Portfolio Analysis

In response to feedback from our original diversification analysis, starting in January of 2018 we also began providing additional data to help investors assess where future performance might net out for loans that remain outstanding. Current performance cannot, of course, guarantee future results -- but it can provide insight into potential return scenarios. 

Our portfolio analysis, now in its fourth edition, examines the historic relationship between loan performance state and repayments as well as the state of all outstanding loans in our current portfolio compared to our repaid loan numbers. 

Total Portfolio

To provide context for this analysis, we first looked at the number of loans originated to determine what percentage repaid in full, what percentage repaid with a loss, and what percentage was still outstanding (in other words, still remaining in our active loan portfolio) as of August 18, 2020. We have broken out the repaid loan portfolio into cohorts based on the quarters in which loans were originated to provide a further degree of insight into loan performance as a function of when they were originated.

(NOTE: Any discrepancy in percentages adding up to 100% is due to our rounding the percentages off to whole numbers.) 

Table 1: Loan Performance By Quarter

This table details the total number of loans originated, as well as the number of those loans that were originated and sold as LROs in each cohort.1 To calculate the percentages we see in the table, we use the total number of loans originated and sold as LROs, and the number of those loans that have been repaid, experienced a loss, or remain outstanding. 

In total, we have originated and sold 1,417 loans to investors to date. So far, 68% of these loans have been repaid in full, 1.0% have been repaid with some degree of loss, and 31% remain outstanding in our active portfolio (see “The Active Portfolio” for details).

The Repaid Portfolio

Below is a stratification (in percentages) of all repaid loans by performance state as of August 18, 2020. As a reminder, the performance states are defined as:

Current - loan remained current through the term

Default - loan was put into default by GROUNDFLOOR, and resolved while in default

Workout - a workout plan was put into effect and the loan was resolved under the terms of the workout agreement

REO - GROUNDFLOOR assumed title to the property (either through foreclosure or deed in lieu) and sold the property for proceeds on behalf of investors

(NOTE: Any discrepancy in percentages adding up to 100% is due to our rounding the percentages off to whole numbers.)

Table 2: The Performance State of Loans upon Repayment as of 8/18/20

In total, we have repaid 984 loans to date. At the time of repayment, 71% of these loans were current, 11% were in default, 17% were in workout, and 2% were categorized as REO. To date, repaid GROUNDFLOOR loans have experienced a loss ratio (i.e. the amount of principal lost expressed as a ratio to the principal invested) of 0.66%. 

To provide greater context, we’ve also calculated overall net returns by performance state in Table 3 below:

* Returns for loans in REO upon repayment are included in the default total.

Table 3: Overall Net Returns (%) by Performance State

As we have advised elsewhere, workouts and loan defaults do not necessarily (or even usually) imply that a loss is imminent. Loans that go into default or workout do not necessarily result in losses. Take Q2 2019, for example, our highest quarterly cohort for percentage of loans repaid by defaults (38%). Those defaulted loans repaid with zero incidence of loss. Our Asset Management team proactively puts loans in default to accelerate project completion and loan repayment--and it works!

For more information about how defaults are managed on our platform, please refer to this blog post.

For a more detailed look at our Asset Management practices, please refer to this blog post.

The data above shows that investors who are properly diversified have not suffered losses on the whole. This is empirically true, even if through some stroke of very bad luck every loan held by a hypothetical investor defaulted, so long as that investor had been invested in a large enough sample of the full population of defaulted loans. Indeed, investing in defaulted loans and only defaulted loans would still have generated a very respectable 9.27% annualized net return!

The Active Portfolio

Let’s turn now to an analysis of loans that haven’t yet repaid. There are 433 loans outstanding as of August 18, 2020. A similar stratification of these loans by performance state yields the following:

(NOTE: Any discrepancy in percentages adding up to 100% is due to our rounding the percentages off to whole numbers.)

Table 4: The Active Portfolio as of 8/18/20

As we communicated to investors at the onset of the pandemic in March 2020, we predicted that project completions, and therefore loan repayments, would be delayed in the short-term. We also communicated that we would begin providing qualifying borrowers with leniency (in the form of a 90-day extension), given the uncertain effect of the pandemic on financial and real estate markets. Projects qualifying for this COVID extension included those reaching maturity between April 2020 and July 2020 that were likely to perform, but on a more protracted scale. To qualify, borrowers either had to have been current in their loan and proceeding according to schedule, or they must have completed their project and were actively awaiting sale or refinance.

In Table 4, we have differentiated workout loans that were extended because they qualified for COVID relief and those that necessitated a workout plan but did not qualify for COVID relief. Of the 1,417 loans originated and sold to investors to date, 17.3% qualified for a COVID-related extension; of the loans in our active portfolio that are past maturity (i.e., not current), 41% are due to COVID extensions. The bulk of COVID extensions occurred in the Q2 2019 cohort, followed by Q1 2019 and Q3 2019. This is generally because those loans were coming to maturity right around the time that the pandemic hit the United States in earnest. After Q3 2019, COVID relief for loans decreased, and we do not anticipate granting further COVID extensions at this time. 

Conclusions

Despite the unprecedented advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, this analysis shows that the performance of our active portfolio remains largely in line with historical performance. Some courts and cities remain effectively closed or highly constrained, impacting the processing and adjudication of claims, permit approvals, and inspections. However, increasing capital availability is supporting recovery. 

Overall, GROUNDFLOOR remains well-positioned to continue weathering the COVID-19 crisis and continue delivering results for our investors. The primary investment thesis for our lending -- that the supply of single family housing available for purchase in the United States continues to lag demand -- remains as valid as ever. As the data and discussion above indicates, while COVID-19 has generally extended repayment timelines, the repayment amounts have largely not been affected to date. 

In May, we published a stress test analysis of our outstanding portfolio to examine the potential impact of adverse changes in the real estate market due to COVID-19. This analysis assumed home values would drop in the face of the crisis. To view how the market has actually been affected by the pandemic, we recently analyzed loans reported in our Asset Management Weekly Updates from May 10 - August 29 that repaid or otherwise were resolved via a property sale and found that the average sale price was 8.7% greater than the ARV, while the median sale price was 7.7% greater than the ARV. Our stress test’s assumption of declining home values has not come to fruition. Indeed, the opposite has been the case, which spells good news for our investors should current market conditions hold.


Over seven years ago, GROUNDFLOOR was founded to enable everyday Americans to invest in high-yield securities previously reserved for the top 5% of wealth holders and income earners. As GROUNDFLOOR continues to expand its loan origination capabilities, the degree to which our investors can diversify their portfolios has become unprecedented in the real estate investment space. In line with our mission, we will continue to empower our investors to develop and execute their own investment strategies. Whether and how you take full advantage of this degree of freedom is up to you. 

We share this kind of information to help support our investors’ success. If you have any questions or comments about this report, do not hesitate to reach out to us. You can comment below or send an email to support@groundfloor.us. We always look forward to hearing from you. 

 

Loans not originated and sold as LROs include institutional loan sales and loans that were repaid prior to offering to or being fully funded by investors.

Rich Pulido

SVP, Head of Lending and Risk Management of GROUNDFLOOR Finance

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